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Geographic Information Science (GIS) and Mapping

Geographic Information Science/Systems (GIS)

What is GIS?

"A geographic information system (GIS) is a system that creates, manages, analyzes, and maps all types of data. GIS connects data to a map, integrating location data (where things are) with all types of descriptive information (what things are like there). This provides a foundation for mapping and analysis that is used in science and almost every industry. GIS helps users understand patterns, relationships, and geographic context. The benefits include improved communication and efficiency as well as better management and decision making." - ESRI Definition


What can you do with Geographic Information Systems (GIS)?

GIS uses a combination of data, mapping, and various types of digital technology in order to answer research questions, predict trends in data, or analyze information. Common uses for GIS include:

  • Managing property information 
  • Viewing changes in demographics of an area
  • Assess effectiveness of services in a region 
  • Keeping track of infrastructure or urban planning
  • Tracking election boundaries or voting information
  • Modeling environmental outcomes or predicting natural disasters
  • And many more!